kubernetes部署longhorn

Posted by 梁远鹏 on 2021-04-09 | 阅读 |,阅读约 3 分钟

TOC

前言

longhorn是rancher公司开源并贡献给CNCF的一个开源分布式存储项目,可用来作为kubernetes的CSI存储.

本文介绍helm和yaml两种方式部署longhorn并部署一个有状态服务Gogs应用.

官方文档: https://longhorn.io/docs/1.1.0/deploy/install/install-with-kubectl/

安装要求

  1. open-iscsi
  2. kubernetes 1.16+ 官方推荐1.17+ (本文使用1.18.8)
  3. curl、findmnt、grep、awk、blkid、lsblk. 在编写本文时没有显示的去安装这些工具,也许是机器已经具备相关环境.
  4. 启用了mount propagation. 本文部署没有显示启用这个功能,也没有遇到相关问题.

helm部署longhorn

添加longhorn的helm repo

 helm repo add longhorn https://charts.longhorn.io

使用helm部署longhorn:

helm install longhorn longhorn/longhorn --namespace longhorn-system

查看部署情况

部署中:

$ watch kubectl get po -n longhorn-system
NAME                                        READY   STATUS     RESTARTS   AGE
longhorn-driver-deployer-76c8fd69fb-fvtg7   0/1     Init:0/1   0          27s
longhorn-manager-l2mrs                      0/1     Running    0          27s
longhorn-ui-78547884d8-zb2sc                1/1     Running    0          27s

最终部署完成的效果:

$ kubectl get po -n longhorn-system
NAME                                        READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE          
csi-attacher-74db7cf6d9-djzd2               1/1     Running   0          81s          
csi-attacher-74db7cf6d9-lcxbb               1/1     Running   0          81s          
csi-attacher-74db7cf6d9-rdxls               1/1     Running   0          81s          
csi-provisioner-d444fb7c9-6545x             1/1     Running   0          78s          
csi-provisioner-d444fb7c9-96n9g             1/1     Running   0          78s          
csi-provisioner-d444fb7c9-k7ks7             1/1     Running   0          78s          
csi-resizer-58458969c9-64fnz                1/1     Running   0          73s          
csi-resizer-58458969c9-cdqj2                1/1     Running   0          72s          
csi-resizer-58458969c9-fhvg4                1/1     Running   0          72s          
csi-snapshotter-6d856448d-4n2nk             1/1     Running   0          69s          
csi-snapshotter-6d856448d-p4mbz             1/1     Running   0          69s          
csi-snapshotter-6d856448d-pm7kx             1/1     Running   0          69s          
engine-image-ei-cf743f9c-xjl5k              1/1     Running   0          115s         
instance-manager-e-296a3f7e                 1/1     Running   0          115s         
instance-manager-r-40e113e5                 1/1     Running   0          115s         
longhorn-csi-plugin-pnj85                   2/2     Running   0          67s          
longhorn-driver-deployer-76c8fd69fb-fvtg7   1/1     Running   0          2m28s          
longhorn-manager-l2mrs                      1/1     Running   0          2m28s          
longhorn-ui-78547884d8-zb2sc                1/1     Running   0          2m28s

查看storageClass:

$ kubectl get storageclass
NAME                 PROVISIONER          RECLAIMPOLICY   VOLUMEBINDINGMODE   ALLOWVOLUMEEXPANSION   AGE
longhorn (default)   driver.longhorn.io   Delete          Immediate           true                   2m23s

另外也可以使用helm list -n longhorn-system来查看helm中的资源,这里不再演示.

接下来部署一个StatefulSet资源来试试通过longhron storageClass自动化创建PV和PVC的效果.演示应用使用Gogs.

yaml方式部署longhorn

yaml的方式部署的话就一行代码的事

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/longhorn/longhorn/v1.1.0/deploy/longhorn.yaml

如果github网络问题无法下载可以试试这个地址:https://res.cloudinary.com/lyp/raw/upload/v1617962359/hugo/blog.github.io/cncf/longhorn1.1.yaml

效果和helm部署是一样的,除了helm list看不到资源外(helm list只能看到通过helm方式部署的资源)

部署Gogs

创建yaml文件gogs.yaml

文件内容如何:

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: gogs
  labels:
    app: gogs
spec:
  serviceName: gogs
  volumeClaimTemplates:
    - metadata:
        name: gogs-data
      spec:
        storageClassName: longhorn
        accessModes: [ "ReadWriteOnce" ]
        resources:
          requests:
            storage: 5Gi
  updateStrategy:
    type: RollingUpdate
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: gogs
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: gogs
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: gogs
        image: gogs/gogs:0.12
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        ports:
        - containerPort: 3000
          name: gogs
        - containerPort: 22
          name: ssh
        volumeMounts:
        - name: gogs-data
          mountPath: /data

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: gogs
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - name: gogs
    protocol: TCP
    port: 3000
    targetPort: 3000
    nodePort: 30026
  - name: ssh
    protocol: TCP
    port: 22
    targetPort: 22
    nodePort: 30022
  selector:
    app: gogs

开始部署:

kubectl apply -f  gogs.yaml

一切正常的话可以看到gogs的pod已经running状态了:

$ k get po
NAME                                  READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
gogs-0                                1/1     Running   0          3h49m

我这里是已经部署好了,因此AGE显示时间比较长. 再来看看PV和PVC

$ k get pvc
NAME               STATUS   VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   STORAGECLASS   AGE
gogs-data-gogs-0   Bound    pvc-3078b16e-4d20-48f2-a32e-6fc6b14bb266   5Gi        RWO            longhorn       3h50m
$ k get pv
NAME                                       CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   RECLAIM POLICY   STATUS   CLAIM                      STORAGECLASS   REASON   AGE
pvc-3078b16e-4d20-48f2-a32e-6fc6b14bb266   5Gi        RWO            Delete           Bound    default/gogs-data-gogs-0   longhorn                3h50m

可以看到PV和PVC都已经处于正常的使用状态了.说明longhorn storageClass是working的.

FAQ

需要提前安装open-iscsi

如果没有提前安装好open-iscsi可能会报下面的错误:

[[email protected] helmrepo]# kubectl logs -f  -n longhorn-system longhorn-manager-8smtj
time="2020-06-14T07:35:39Z" level=error msg="Failed environment check, please make sure you have iscsiadm/open-iscsi installed on the host"
time="2020-06-14T07:35:39Z" level=fatal msg="Error starting manager: Environment check failed: Failed to execute: nsenter [--mount=/host/proc/932/ns/mnt --net=/host/proc/932/ns/net iscsiadm --version], output , stderr, nsenter: failed to execute iscsiadm: No such file or directory\n, error exit status 1"
...

下面给出几个系统安装iscsi工具的命令:
Debian/Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install open-iscsi

Redhat/Centos/Suse:

yum install iscsi-initiator-utils

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